. Characterized by violent nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea . Toxic shock syndrome: Caused by toxic shock syndrome toxin-1 produced by S.aureus . Characterized by abrupt onset of high fever, vomiting, diarrhea,
myalgia, scarlatiform rash,and hypotension with cardiac and renal failure in the most severe disease . Occurs with in 5 days after the onset of menses in young women who use tampoons . Staphylococcal scalded skin syndrome: Caused by exfoliative toxin produced by S.aureus.
S. saprophyticus: Relatively common infections in young women
cause of urinary tract
S. epidermidis: occasional cause of infection often associated with implanted appliances and devices Laboratory Diagnosis: Specimen: Surface swabs, pus, blood, sputum, cerebrospinal fluid Smear: Gram positive cocci in clusters, singly or in pairs. Culture: Grow well aerobically and in a CO2 enriched ordinary media at an optimal temperature of 350c-370c.
S.aureus: characteristically golden colonies. frequently non-pigmented after over-night incubation. hemolytic on blood agar plate. 7.5% Nacl containing media is used for mixed flora contaminated specimen