C.botulinum type A is usually implicated and caused by the production of toxin by C.botulinum in wounds.The symptoms are the same as those in food poisonig.
Laboratory diagnosis: .Demonstration of toxin in patient’s serum and left over food. . Death of mice after intra-peritoneal injection of toxin. Treatment: Administration of intravenous trivalent antitoxin ( A,B,E) Mechanical ventilator for respiratory support Prevention and control: . Sufficient heating of cannaed foods before consumption . Strict regularion of commercial canning . Proper home canning methods
GRAM POSITIVE NON-SPORE FORMING RODS
GENUS CORYNEBACTERIA Medical important species: Corynebacteria diphteriae
C. diphteriae Characteristics: Non-spore forming, non-capsulated, non-motile aerobe or facultative anaerobe gram-positive rods Possess irregular swelling at one end that give them the “club- shaped” appearance