K. rhinoscleromatis It causes rhinoscleroma of nose and destruction of nasopharynx (hebra nose).
pharynx to extensive
K.ozaenae It causes ozena manifesting with foul smelling nasal discharge leading to chronic atrophic rhinitis.
Laboratory diagnosis of klebsiella species: Specimen: Sputum, urine, pus, CSF, body fluid Smear: Gram-negative rods Culture: Large, mucoid, lactose-fermenting colonies on mac conkey agar, and shows stringy type growth when cultured in broth medium. Serology: Capsular polysaccharide serotyping More than 80 serotypes of K. pneumoniae recognized. Treatment: Based on sensitivity testing
GENUS: ENTEROBACTER It is gram-negative lactose fermenting motile rods, and found as a commensal in the intestinal tract of humans and animals and moist environments. Medical important species is Enterobacter aerogens. It produces mucoid colony resembling klebsiella on Mac Conkey agar. Enterobacter aerogens is associated with urinary tract infection, wound infection and septicaemia in immunocompromised and chronically deblitated patients.