. To stop cigarette smoking . Avoid exposure to noxious stimuli . Treat the exacerbation with antibiotics
like amoxicillin, cotrimoxazole.
Pneumonia It is infection of the lung parenchyma.
Viruses Route of entry of microbes to the lung . Aspiration of oral and gastric secretion . Haematogenous spread from distant foci
.Direct surrounding tissue . Inhalation inoculation
NB: Aspiration is the major route of infection. Clinical features: Sudden onset of fever, chills, sweating, and productive cough of purulent or blood streaking sputum and pleuritic chest pain. Complications:
. Pleural effusion . Lung abscess . Septicemia Laboratory diagnosis: Specimen: Lower respiratory secretion