Treatment: Antibiotic should be started after collection of the specimen. Medication should be given intravenously based on 'best guess basis'.
4.9. INFECTION OF CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM Defense mechanisms of CNS . Cranium (Bony covering of the brain) . Blood brain barrier Route of infection . Haematogenous . Extension from middle ear, mastoids and sinuses . Congenital defects . Meningomyelocele . Spina bifida . Trauma . Skull fracture . Intraneural pathway
Common infection of central nervous system 1. Meningitis Definition: Meningitis is an inflammation of leptomeninges. Types:
. Bacterial (Pyogenic) Meningitis . Viral meningitis . Fungal meningitis