It manifests with unexplained head ache of weeks to months duration associated with fever, weakness, neck and back stiffness, and behavioral changes.
Viral meningitis The clinical features of viral meningitis are milder than bacterial meningitis. Viruses causing viral meningitis are mumps virus, measles virus, coxsackie A and B virus, Entero viruses and echo virus.
Fungal meningitis Eg. Cryptococcal meningitis The clinical features of fungal meningitis is similar to that of chronic bacterial meningitis.
Complication of meningitis . Cranial nerve damage . Convulsions . Brain abscess . Obstructive hydrocephalus due to blockage of CSF drainage system. . Subdural effusion of sterile or infected fluid. Laboratory diagnosis: Specimen: Cerebrospinal fluid by lumbar puncture NB: Amount required for a child is 1-2 ml and for an adult is 2-4 ml. The specimen should be processed with in one hour of collection.