Treatment: Antibiotic should be started based on 'best guess basis' after the CSF specimen was taken. All medications for treating meningitis is given intravenously.
Encephalitis: It is an inflammation of brain substance. It is commonly caused by viruses.
Brain abscess: It is an abscess with in the brain parenchyma. It is a complication of meningitis, endocarditis and head injury.
4.10. INFECTION OF BONE AND JOINTS The two main diseases are:
. Osteomyelitis: infection of bone. . Septic arthritis: Infection of joints
Osteomyelitis . Acute osteomyelitis . Chronic osteomyelitis
Acute osteomyelitis Infection of bone which occurs commonly under ten years old. Distal femur, proximal tibia and proximal humerus are the classical sites. Causative agents: S. aureus (80% of cases)
influenzae (especially in young children)
Coliforms and Group B streptococci in new born.