144.Encyclopedia Talmudit, IV, “BeRov Am Hadrat Melekh,” p. 195; R. Abraham Isaiah Pfoifer, Ishei Yisrael, sec. 8, no. 9; R. Baruch Chaim Simon, BeRov Am Hadrat Melekh, Or haMizrah, 48:3-4 (Nissan 5763), pp. 90-100.
145.Magen Avraham, O.H., sec. 154, no. 23; R. Abraham Samuel Benjamin Sofer, Resp. Ketav Sofer, Hoshen Mishpat (henceforth H.M.) 39; Resp. Meishiv Davar, I, sec. 46; R. Shlomo Chaim haKohen Aviner, MiKedem leBeit El, O.H. sec. 5; R. Jacob Ariel, “LeAhduta shel haKehilla beNusah haTefilla,” Tehumin 9, pp. 196-202. (See, however, the comments of R. Yair Dreyfus, ad loc.). For dissenting views, see: Rema, H.M., sec. 162, no. 7; Pithei Teshuva ad loc.; Resp. Rivash, sec. 253; infra, note 149. The unfortunate contemporary phenomenon of “shtibelization” and breakaway minyanim has been discussed by Steven Oppenheimer, “The Breakaway Minyan,” Journal of Halacha and Contemporary Society XLVI (Fall 2003), pp. 41-60.
146.It should be noted that R. Schachter not long ago authored an extensive article on various aspects related to the synagogue (supra, note 62). Despite the appropriate opportunity, R. Schachter did not use that forum to attack the opening of shtiblach throughout Boro Park, Williamsburg, Bnai Brak and Jerusalem—not to mention junior, teen-age, young couples, hashkama (“early”), yeshivishe, “happy” (R. Shlomo Carlebach devotees), and assorted other breakaway minyanim. The arguments used by R. Schachter against women’s prayer groups, while questionable in their application with regard to women—as noted below—are certainly relevant to these male groups.
147.Supra, note 144; Encyclopedia Talmudit, XII, “Zerizin Makdimin leMitsvot,” pp. 409, 419; Resp. Yabia Omer, II, Y.D., sec. 18; R. Isaac Yosef, Sova Semahot, II, p. 213; Ishei Yisrael, sec. 40, note 67.
148.On the question of whether ke-vatikin takes precedence over davening with a minyan, see Resp. Ish Matsliah, I, O.H. sec. 15, s.v. “veNahzor,” p. 49ff; Resp. Tsits Eliezer, XVIII, sec. 18, no. 4 and XXII, sec. 5, no. 2; Yalkut Yosef, I, Hilkhot Tefilla, sec. 4; Birur Halakha, Tinyana, O.H. sec. 58, p. 151 ff; Birur Halakha, Telita’a, O.H. sec. 58, pp. 58-59; Teshuvot veHanhagot, III, secs. 27, 32 and 33; R. Joseph Shalom Elyashiv, “haIm Tefillah beTsibbur Adif al Tefillah Kevatikin,” Sefer Si’ah Tefillah (Chesner Family: Jerusalem, 5759) p. 571; R. Joseph Shalom Elyashiv, Resp. Kovets Teshuvot, I, sec. 15 and III, sec. 9; R. Mishal Rubin, haMorim beKeshet – Shu”t beInyanei Tsava, Resp. 101; Resp. beMar’e haBazak, IV, sec. 12, at note 3; R. Israel Taplin, Halikhot Yisrael, sec. 32.