details of their conversations with the Rav and for allowing us to publish their remarks. In addition, we wish to thank R. Saul Berman (7/87, 1/31/96 and a taped public lecture at Lincoln Square Synagogue, 12/10/1986) for his assistance and valuable source material, and Mrs. Nancy Forse Shloush (2/18/96, 2/23/96 and 5/6/96) for her detailed recollections regarding the background to the Brandeis women’s service. See also R. Moshe Meiselman, note 63, supra; R. Mayer Twersky, “Torah Perspectives on Women’s Issues,” Jewish Action 57:4 (Summer 5757/1997), pp. 24-29; R. Mayer Twersky, “Letters, ” Jewish Action 58:2 (Winter 5758/1997), p. 10; Stephen Oron, ibid., pp. 6 and 8; R. Mayer Twersky, “Halakhic Values and Halakhic Decision: Rav Soloveitchik’s Pesak Regarding Women Prayer Groups,” Tradition 32:3 (Spring 1998), pp. 5-18; R. Bertram Leff, Tradition 33:1 (Fall 1998), pp. 135-136; R. Jacob J. Schacter, “Facing the Truths of History,” The Torah U-Madda Journal, 8 (1998-1999), note 97, pp. 260-261; R. Zvi (Hershel) Schachter, miPeninei haRav, pp. 67-68 and 142 – see also the clarification of R. Schachter at the end of note 61; R. Elazar Muskin, “The Grandfather Figure,” in Memories of a Giant: Eulogies in Memory of Rabbi Dr. Joseph B. Soloveitcik zt”l (Jerusalem: Urim Publications, 2003), pp. 254-257.
236.R. Mordechai Feuerstein, who served as the Rav’s shamash during the early 1970’s, has indicated to us that he believes the first time the Rav addressed the issue of women’s services was late in 1971 (shortly before the Rav’s conversation with R. Shlomo Riskin; vide infra, note 264). The Rav shared with R. Feuerstein that a group of women studying at Brandeis University had approached him on the matter. The Rav was not in favor of the prayer group, but it was clear to the Rav that the women were not prepared to listen and would proceed under any circumstance. The Rav consequently gave them halakhic guidelines similar to the ones he later gave to R. Wachstock and R. Riskin; see text and notes 249-251. Our attempts at discovering who actually spoke to the Rav regarding the Brandeis women’s prayer group have proven unsuccessful. The last to speak to the Rav on this issue was presumably Dr. Caroline Peyser, in early 1986.
237.See Nefesh haRav, pp. 24-26; conversation with R. Aharon Lichtenstein.
238.R. Moshe Meiselman, Jewish Woman in Jewish Law, supra, note 63, p. 146 and R. Elazar Muskin, supra, end of note 235. In a conversation with Aryeh A. Frimer (March 1999), Rachelle Isserow indicated that the Rav’s rationale of synagogue etiquette was first reported by R. Kelemer in a public address he gave on women’s hakafot on Hol haMoed Sukkot 1974. R. Aharon Lichtenstein emphasized that minhag beit ha-kenesset