GEORGE FORBES MEMORIAL LIBRARY
Lincoln University Te Wharepr kau o Te Whare W nak a o Aoraki
APA Style Referencing
Unless your lecturer instructs otherwise, Lincoln University undergraduate students are advised to follow the APA Style. For the definitive APA style, postgraduates, researchers and academic staff should refer to the following: American Psychological Association. (2001). Publication manual of the American Psychological
Association (5th ed.). Washington, DC: Author.
Z253 Pub 2001
American Psychological Association. (2007). APA style guide to electronic references. Washington, DC:
Author. Additional help:
Z253 APA 2007
Library staff at the iZone Help Desk will help with referencing questions.
Referencing and Citation page of Library Web.
The Student Learning Centre provides workshops and one-to-one appointments on academic
writing, including referencing. Talk to the receptionist in H130A about what they offer.
Books, theses or statutes
(enter (n.d.) if no date of publication is available)
Author(s). (year of publication). Title of book: Subtitle of book. City of publication, Country or U.S. State abbreviation: Publisher.
Book as a whole
(authors listed in the order found on the title page)
Kaufman, C., Perlman, R., & Speciner, M. (1995). Network security: Private communication in a public world. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall.
Longman dictionary of contemporary English (4th ed.). (2003). Harlow, England: Longman.
(author is an organisation)
Statistics New Zealand. (1998). Samoan people in New Zealand. Wellington, New Zealand: Author.
(use when each chapter has its own author[s]; often such a book is edited)
Collette, R. L. (1990). Harvesting techniques. In R. E. Martin & G. J. Flick (Eds.), The seafood industry (pp. 471-526). New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold.
(note edition statement; not needed for first edition)
Persley, D. M. (Ed.). (1992). Diseases of fruit crops (2nd ed.). Brisbane, Queensland, Australia: Department of Primary Industries.
Sadler, P. (2003). Strategic management (2nd ed.). Sterling, VA: Kogan Page. Retrieved from ebrary database.
Entry in an encyclopedia
(if no author, enter article title, then date)
Bergmann, P. G. (1993). Relativity. In The new encyclopedia Britannica (Vol. 26, pp. 501-508). Chicago: Encyclopedia Britannica.
Entry in an online encyclopedia
(give the home or index page URL for reference works. Include date retrieved)
Christchurch. (2007). In Encyclopaedia Britannica. Retrieved December 13, 2007, from http://www.search.eb.com/eb/
Entry in an online dictionary
(give home or index page URL. Include date retrieved)
Landscape. (1989). In Oxford English dictionary (2nd ed.). Retrieved December 13, 2007, from http://dictionary.oed.com
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