from 1958 to 1971, each designed by one of the airport's main airlines.
The Worldport (Pan Am), now Terminal 3, opened in 1962. It featured a large, elliptical roof suspended by 32 sets of radial posts and cables. The roof extended far beyond the base of the terminal and covered the passenger loading area. It was one of the first airline terminals in the world to feature Jetways that connected to the terminal and that could be moved to provide an easy walkway for passengers from the terminal to a docked aircraft, rather than having to board the plane outside via airstairs.
The TWA Flight Center, now Terminal 5, also opened in 1962. Designed by Eero Saarinen,
it was sculpted as an abstract symbol of flight. It is considered one of the most architecturally distinguished airport terminal designs in the world. With the demise of TWA, however, it is no longer in use. The main building will be kept as a part of a new Terminal 5 building built by JetBlue.
The airport was renamed John F. Kennedy International Airport in 1963, one month after the assassination of President John F. Kennedy. The airport received the new IATA airport code of KJFK, and since then the airport has become widely referred to by the abbreviation "JFK".
In 1970, National Airlines opened their Sundrome, designed by Pei Cobb Freed & Partners.
It is now used by JetBlue and is known as Terminal 6. As air traffic in New York continued to grow, both Terminal 5 and Terminal 3 were modified in the 1970s to accommodate new Boeing 747s. The supersonic Concorde, operated by Air France and British Airways, provided scheduled trans-Atlantic supersonic service to JFK from 1977 until 2003, when
Concorde was retired by both carriers. JFK had the most Concorde operations annually of any airport in the world.
The cargo operations at JFK were targeted in the 1978 Lufthansa heist and 1967 Air F r a n c e r o b b e r y , i n s p i r i n g t h e N i c h o l a s P i l e g g i n o v e l W i s e g u y s a n d M a r t i n S c o r s e s e f i l m
By the mid-1980s, JFK had overtaken Newark International Airport (now Newark Liberty
International Airport) to become New York City's busiest airport.
In 1998, the airport began construction of the AirTrain JFK rapid transit system. Completed in December 2003, the rail network links each airport terminal to New York City subways and regional commuter trains at Howard Beach and Jamaica, Queens.
After the September 11, 2001 attacks, JFK was one of the first airports in the United States to be temporarily closed.