Figure 1: Theoretical Framework Vaccination Cutoffs
D2
A2
D1
A1
Notes: This figure shows the effect of decreasing the average vaccination cost (moving the distribution from the solid to the dotted line) on the difference across groups in investment for a high investment environment (D1,A1) and a low investment environment (D2,A2). Everyone with costs below the cutoff line gets the investment. In the high investment situation, moving the distribution increases vaccination for the disadvantaged group relative to the advantaged group; in the low vaccination environment, the converse is true.
Average Total Vaccinations, by district in 1992
Average Total Vaccinations for Boys Minus Average Total Vaccinations for Girls, by district in 1992
1 0
^{1}2
3 2
4 3
5 45
6 6+
n=237
n=65
n=26
n=13
n=11
n=10
6
5.5
5
4.5
4
Figure 2: Vaccination Camp Placement in 1998 and Gender Differences in Vaccination in 1992
1.3
0.8
0.3
Girls Boys Diff
3.5

0.2
Notes: This figure shows the relationship between the (integerrounded) average number of vaccination camps in village in the district in 1998 and the 1992 level of vaccinations and gender difference in vaccinations. All data is from the NFHS,. The sample sizes below represent number of districts in each cell.
3
2.5
2
(Integer) Average Number of Vaccination Camps in District, 1998

0.7

1.2
39