5.4 Invest in the Public Realm
Public open spaces are those outside the defined private realm. Public open space not only refers to the grid of streets, but also to the squares, parks and landscaped areas.
Defined Public Open Spaces Good public space has important underlying characteristics, they have definition, they have boundaries, usually buildings of some sort, that clearly communicate where the edges are, that sets the public space apart from the private space. Definition of public space is best achieved by positioning building fabric on the perimeter of the site boundary.
Benefits to Defined Space Defining the public realm with the built-up fabric has various advantages over that of the typical pavilion type developments that withdraw from the public edge;
They ensure active street edges, ‘eyes on the street therefore contribute to a safer urban environment.
Clear definition between public and private improves management, control and security over the public spaces.
Perimeter buildings engage with the precinct/environment and not withdraw from it.
Creates a sense of enclosure and protection.
Active Edges Successful Public Open Space are not dependent on definition alone. The activity along the public face is equally important. The building edge should house activities which benefit from interaction with the public realm and can contribute to the life in the street or square.
Public spaces are vibrant when they are interesting and safe. They are safer when people inside can watch over those outside. They are more interesting and safer when those outside feel some contact with people inside adjacent buildings.
LINBRO PARK: Urban Design Framework Plan