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Nuptiality in Latin America

1972).

The

populations

of

some

areas

have

many

people

of

mixed

white

and

black blood called mulatto while people of mixed Indian and African blood are

sometimes referred to as zambo.

Jack Goody among others has speculated that a Western, Church-related

ideology in Europe was historically different from that in places like North

Africa and the Middle East or Sub-Saharan Africa, and that Spain and Portugal

was

an

area

where

European/Christian

and

Moorish/Muslim

ideologies

met.

In

his 1983 book on the development of marriage and the family in Europe, he

elaborates on a scheme proposed by Guichard (1977 according to Goody) that

distinguishes between Western and Eastern family structures in six ways

(Chapter 2): 1) system of descent, 2) conjugal pair, 3) kin groups,

4) matrimonial alliances, 5) position of women and 6) the notion of honor.

The Moorish system of descent was strictly patrilineal whereas the European

one

was

clearly

bilineal.

The

Moorish

conjugal

pair

had

little

strength

whereas the European one was the “basic cell of social organisation...”

A kin

group among the Moors was “a group clearly defined in time and space in

relation to an ancestor” whereas European kin groups were weak and existed at

all

among

the

aristocracy

only.

The

Moors

had

strong

“endogamous

tendencies.”

The

preferred

marriage

was

“with

the

father’s

brother’s

daughter.”

“To

give

a

wife to another lineage (linage) is dishonorable and the wife-takers are

superior

to

the

wife-givers.”

In

Europe,

the

tendency

was

towards

exogamy

(and

prohibiting

the

marriage

of

first

cousins).

“Marriage

alliances

are

valued; women circulate, bringing goods and honor; the wife-givers tend to be

The

Moors

women

from

superior

to

the

wife-takers.”

of

the

sexes

and

exclusion

of

often

observed

a

“Strict

separation

the

public

sphere.”

In

contrast,

Europeans had “No rigid separation of the sexes; in the Germanic tradition,

women appear to be able to play a public role and to have some political

authority.”

The

Moorish

notion

of

honor

was

based

on

“being

rather

than

9

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