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Nuptiality in Latin America

status but stay more agnostic about urban/rural residence. (Sociologists also

like to use characteristics such as occupation (see Portes 1985) but I find

that bad for studying women even when a society is primarily industrial.5

Adequate income data usually do not exist save for a few countries.)

We

furthermore hypothesize that people with more education tend to marry rather

than

be

in

a

consensual

union,

that

there

is

a

positive

relationship.

We

could simply look at figures for other Latin American countries like the ones

presented before for Argentina but we can do better than that because we can

assess a net effect of education on union type that persisted after

controlling

for

factors

that

might

muddy

that

true

differential.

For

instance, we know that the probability of being married rather than in a

consensual union increases with age for both men and women, and therefore want

to

control

for

age.

One

way,

done

above,

is

to

limit

the

analysis

to

a

five-

year

age

group

like

what

Greene

did

in

her

1991

study.

I

found

this

to

be

only partly satisfactory however, especially among young people, because even

one

year

makes

a

substantial

difference.

Hence

I

limited

my

purview

both

to

young people and furthermore controlled for years of age in multivariate

analyses

of

these

groups.

That

is,

since

age

at

first

union

for

women

tended

to be somewhere in the 21-22 year area, I limited my view of women to 20-24

years

of

limited

age.

my

view

Since

men’s

of

men

to

age

23-27

at

first

years

of

union

age.6

was

somewhere

Within

these

around

25,

groups,

I

I

added

a

control for years of age.

A second factor, after age, is urban/rural residence.

Although Quilodrán

and Greene (1992; 1991) both found consensual union more common among rural

than urban residents, the issue is complicated and may differ from place to

place.

It

seemed

important

to

include

urban/rural

residence

in

our

model

however if we really want to assess the net effect of education on union type.

Finally, every country, no matter how large or small, has different regions

23

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