The pharyngeal mucosa appears red and “grainy” due to the hyperplasia of lymphatic tissue on the posterior pharyngeal wall.
The pharyngeal mucosa may also have a smooth, shiny appearance in some cases (atrophic form).
Any agents causing the pharyngitis should be avoided.
Herbal product such as sage or chamomile can be used in a steam inhalation to moisten the airways.
In patients with nasal airway obstruction due to septal deviation or turbinate hyperplasia, a surgical procedure should be done.