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the Central Veterinary Laboratory and well as the interaction of the VS with its stakeholders. The report shall establish the current level of performance, identify gaps and weaknesses in relation to the VS´s application of OIE standards and through discussions with stakeholders provide a common vision in establishing priorities and in setting up strategic planning. The evaluation has been paid through an OIE Trust Fund.

Country information: The Republic of Namibia is a large and sparsely populated country located on Africa´s southwest coast. It shares 4,000 kilometres of borders with South Africa to the south, Botswana to the east, Zambia and Zimbabwe to the northeast and Angola to the north. Its western boundary is the South Atlantic Ocean, with a coastline of 1,600 km. The climate is dry and hot, with sparse rainfalls and prolonged periods of drought. Permanent crops exist only in 0.01% of the country. Namibia has a population of two million inhabitants, on a total land area of 835,000 square kilometres. There are several different ethnic groups. 87.5% of the population are black, 6.5% mixed, 6% white. There is a high risk for major infectious diseases, and the HIV/AIDS prevalence rate in adults was estimated at 21% in 2003. After German control, the country was occupied and annexed by South Africa, and won independence only in 1990, after a war of independence, which had lasted for a quarter of a century. Namibia´s economy is heavily dependent on mineral exports. Although half of the population depend on subsistence agriculture for their livelihood, about 50% of the cereal requirements must be imported. Agriculture is responsible for around 11% of the Gross Domestic Product. A high per capita GDP for the region hides the very unequal income distributions. For more information on Namibia, see the CIA World Factbook.

Veterinary Services and other institutions: Namibia contains 13 regions, and has Windhoek as its capital, which is also the seat of the Directorate of Veterinary Services and the Central Laboratory, as well as some of the most important stakeholder associations for the VS. The Directorate of Veterinary Services is within the Department of Agriculture in the Ministry of Agriculture, Water and Forestry. It contains 4 divisions: Animal Disease Control; Veterinary Public Health; Epidemiology, Training, Import and Export Control and Diagnostic Services (see Figure 1). The wildlife aspects, including the national parks are managed by the Ministry of the Environment and Tourism, in close collaboration with the VS.


Namibia PVS report version II 23012009

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