impressive system and which has not had an FMD infection since being established in the 80s.
Two export and three local abattoirs were visited. Although the diversity of local abattoirs must be big, seeing three of them gave at least an impression on the quality of facilities and management. Smaller slaughter points, which might be more critical in regard to hygiene and inspection, were not visited. The export abattoirs visited were both under the same management, MeatCo, which is the largest private abattoir company exporting from Namibia. The export abattoirs (seven in Namibia) met the highest standards, comparable to abattoirs in Europe and meeting all requirements for export to the EU and the RSA markets, and were supervised and inspected by a team of DVS veterinarians and VHI. On the other hand the local abattoirs were simple, slaughtered small numbers of animals and were inspected by either municipal or Ministry of Health inspectors. No animal health data was therefore collected from these local abattoirs.
The only border post visited was the border post between Namibia and Botswana, at Buitepos. The post was managed by a team of three AHW working 12 hour shifts. They worked in close collaboration with Customs and Immigrations officers and under the direct supervision of the State Veterinarian. All vehicles containing animal or animal products were inspected. The movement permits were checked and in case of animal shipments, the animal identification was verified and checked against the electronic NamLITS database. In accordance with a Namibia‐Botswana‐ South Africa agreement, passenger vehicles can transport a maximum of 25 kg of meat and meat products from these countries for personal consumption. There are seven different border posts in Namibia. It was explained that while the border crossing between Zambia and Namibia is enforceable as far as the movement of people and goods. However, there have been cases of animal crossing at the Zambezi river at shallow points. There are basically no enforceable borders between Namibia and Angola.
A visit to the Otjivarongo Veterinary Clinic was conducted. The private veterinary hospital is owned by Dr. Axel Hartmann and managed with two other veterinarians. An excellent establishment dedicated to 50% livestock, 40% small animals and 10% wildlife. At the time of the visit Dr. Hauptmann was conducting an endoscopy on a cheetah. The facility was well equipped and Dr. Hauptmann was very enthusiastic about innovations. He is also an active member of the local society and the profession in Namibia.
In order to visit a cattle auction, the largest cattle auction in Windhoek was chosen due to its importance and convenience. Auctions at this Windhoek facility take place only once a month. The team had the opportunity to witness how animal movement permits are inspected and how the animal identification system is controlled. Any shipment containing animals not properly identified or invalid