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Levels of advancement

II­4

Quarantine and border

1.

The VS cannot apply any type of quarantine or border

security

security procedures for animals or animal products with their

The authority and capability of the VS to prevent the entry and spread of diseases and other hazards of animals and animal products.

neighbouring countries or trading partners.

2.

The VS can establish and apply quarantine and border

security procedures; however, these are generally based neither on international standards nor on a risk analysis. 3. The VS can establish and apply quarantine and border security procedures based on international standards, but the procedures do not systematically address illegal activities3 relating to the import of animals and animal products. 4. The VS can establish and apply quarantine and border security procedures which systematically address legal pathways and illegal activities. 5. The VS work with their neighbouring countries and trading partners to establish, apply and audit quarantine and border security procedures which systematically address all

risks identified.

Results Strengths : Good collaboration on border enforcement with Botswana and South Africa Weaknesses : There is no enforceable border between Namibia and Angola, thereby relying heavily on the enforcement of border security at the VCF. The border issues with Zambia and Zimbabwe are well managed within the strictly managed FMD infected zone in the Caprivi. Checkpoints along the VCF are not always fully efficient and may be circumvented by political pressure. VCF is not a true international border and therefore not as strictly enforced by customs and immigration Border controls are enforced by animal health workers (6months training) without the presence of a veterinarian onsite Supporting documentation (documents or photos): Movement of Animals and Products through the VCF Oshivelo Quarantine Farm map Detailed findings during visit: State Veterinary Office: The SVO in Windhoek has a good communication with the Extension Service and jointly they prepare material for raising awareness among farmers and other stakeholders. Their veterinarians or AHT also attend ‘farmers day’ and provide lectures at the Agricultural College, which is the one training Animal Health Technicians (3 year diploma). The SVO has also prepared excellent handout material to educate farmers as well as a manual on how to complete the animal health questionnaire filled by farmers as part of the national health monitoring program (provided).

3 IIlegal activities include attempts to gain entry for animals or animal products other than through legal entry points and/or using certification and/or other procedures not meeting the country’s requirements.

56

Namibia PVS report version II 23012009

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