The most common imports are dairy products, chicken meat, eggs and pork coming from the RSA. Live animal imports are limited to breeding stock from the RSA. Namibia exports mostly live wildlife to Botswana and RSA.
Veterinary Cordon Fence and Oshivelo Gate, an official control point for the VCF: This is the 900 km long fence separating the buffer from the surveillance zone in the northern region. It is an excellent double fence (a game fence separated by 5 meters from the stock fence), which is maintained by repair teams. One problem for the destruction of the fence is trespassing elephants. The fence is crossed by a major highway at Oshivelo. The gate is controlled by police and veterinary services. Every passing vehicle has to show a licence, and trailers and luggage compartments are inspected. No cloven hoofed animals (exact small ruminants with a permit after quarantine) are allowed to pass the fence to the south of Namibia, nor are meat products from cloven hoofed animals (except in sealed containers from approved abattoirs) or raw and fresh milk of these species. We note that it is unlikely that a live animal could pass this gate; however it cannot be excluded that meat products might be brought into the southern part of Namibia. Although all vehicles are checked for cool boxes etc., we did not see the inspection of the inside of e.g. suitcases. However, public awareness as to this prohibition seems to be quite high, and there have not been FMD outbreaks in the South for at least the past twenty years There are no or only limited game farms in the north, and only processed trophies may be brought south. Flyers with the rules are available at the gate.
Visit to the Oshivelo Quarantine Farm: This is one of seven farms, controlled and run by the VS, which lies immediately north of the VCF, around 45 kilometers east from Oshivelo. The quarantine facilities are used to isolate cattle coming from the buffer zone for a minimum of 21 days prior to sending the cattle consignment to slaughter at the export slaughterhouse in the Caprivi. This quarantine farm has a total surface of 29,000 hectares, and is made up of 16 different pens with separate water supply and with an average surface of 2,500 hectares each. The external perimeter of the farm is made up of a double fence (a game fence and livestock fence, separated by 10 meters). All internal fences between pens are made up of double livestock fences, with a 10 meter separation as well. These excellent facilities are managed by one Animal Health Technician, assisted by 6 Animal Health Technical Assistants. The cattle are brought by the farmers, mainly from the communal areas, and housed in one of the pens for 21 to 30 days. The animals have to be managed by their own herdsman and supervised at all times by VS personnel. Facilities are provided for the herdsmen to stay for the duration of the quarantine. The cattle are brought to the quarantine under a movement permit and are inspected for general health condition before entering the farm. Immediately after off loading and before entering one of the pens, the animals are checked for tongue and hoof lesions. Each consignment is housed in a separate pen. After the completion of the quarantine period, the animals are again individually checked for general health, as well as tongue and hoof lesions before being directly transported to the slaughterhouse. The farmer only has to pay for transport from the quarantine farm to the slaughterhouse. These farms have been under operation since the early 1980s, and have never had a positive FMD case. This is an excellent concept and very well managed by the VS. It can be considered a practical exercise of compartmentalization.