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II­8

Veterinary

public

health and food safety

The authority and capability of the VS to implement manage and coordinate veterinary public health measures, including programmes for the prevention of specific foodborne zoonoses and general

Levels of advancement 1. Management, implementation and coordination are generally not undertaken in conformity with international standards. 2. Management, implementation and coordination are generally undertaken in conformity with international

standards only for export purpose. 3. Management, implementation

and

coordination

are

generally

undertaken

in

conformity

with

international

food safety programmes.

standards only for export purpose and for products that are distributed throughout the national market. 4. Management, implementation and coordination are generally undertaken in conformity with international standards for export purpose and for products that are distributed throughout the national and local markets. 5. Management, implementation and coordination are undertaken in full conformity with international standards for products at all levels of distribution (throughout the national and local markets, and direct sales).

[Note: This critical competency primarily refers to inspection of unprocessed animal products (e.g. meat, milk and honey). It may in some countries be undertaken by an agency other than the VS.]

Results Strengths : Due to demanding EU requirements, well established in export abattoirs Weaknesses : VS not present in local and municipal abattoirs No link between Ministry of Health and VS Supporting documentation (documents or photos): Directorate of Veterinary Services Annual Report 2006 (p. 58) Handbook for Meat Examiners, Course in Meat Hygiene and Meat Inspection

Detailed findings during visit: Control programmes on zoonotic diseases:

  • There are formal control programmes for anthrax and BSE

  • Rabies is controlled through vaccination campaigns for dogs and cats every third year in each town (Vaccine manufacturer recommend vaccinations every 3 years). However pet owners are informed through posters and talks at farmer gatherings that young pets must be vaccinated twice after reaching the age of three months, and thereafter annually or at least once every 3 years.

  • Female bovines are vaccinated for B. abortus between the age of 3-10 months (described in Regulations of Animal diseases and Parasites Act).

  • Farms who supply export abattoirs with sheep have to be tested annually for B. melitensis

  • Tuberculosis in animals is not found in Namibia – all imported bovine receive intradermal test

  • All imported animals must be certified free of diseases, including zoonotic diseases.

Meat Inspection for export purposes:

68

Namibia PVS report version II 23012009

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