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Consequently, the issue of a common transdisciplinary language, of a “transcendental

language” or a “meta-language”, (see 94.1).

was explicitly raised throughout the Symposium

Through several constructive confrontations

,

the participants succeeded in making

distinctions

among

three

apparently

similar

concepts:

multidisciplinarity,

interdisciplinarity

and transdisciplinarity

(see $3.6 and $4.1).

Eventually, after many thorough analyses, an initial set of methodological

rules and

elements to be applied for an approach to be transdisciplinary isolated (see $3.4 and $4.2).

was successfully

A growing number of global issues were acknowledged as needing a transdisciplinary approach in order to be properly analyzed and addressed (see 94.3).

I t w a s a l s o r e c o g n i z e d h o w t h e n a t u r e o f r e a l i t y i t s e l f , w i t h i t s i n h e r e n t c o m p l e x i t y character, but at the same time with its deep unity, requires transcending m&form

and the

boundaries of single disciplines (see 93.3).

It was also observed that the probable reason for these global issues to necessitate a transdisciplinary approach is that they tend to reveal, more than others, the underlying complexity of reality (see 53.4).

As already knowledge,

mentioned,

Mr.

and indeed

of the

Federico Mayor world, resides in

once affirmed that the a gradual cross-fertilization

future of resulting

from the convergence of difference paths in a spirit of conviviality.

During the Symposium it emerged that such a cross-fertilization

requires the

development of a’sound transdisciplinary perspective, of a new “intellectual space” in which to pursue the epistemological endeavour of widely and deeply exploring the very nature of the links to be established between single disciplines.

As Prof. Somerville highlighted,

((many of the “bricks”

that we are using to develop our

knowledge base for the future,

are not new. The way in

which we are organizing them prior to building,

that is, the

methodologies

that

we

are

developing

to

enable

transdisciplinary activity to take place, are new. Moreover, a s a c o n s e q u e n c e , s o m e o f t h e b u i l d i n g new )). s that result, are

3.3 -

Transdisciplinary,

drawing

a conceptual

background

As a preliminary condition to increase understanding in the field of transdisciplinarity, attempts were ma.de to clarify the perspective under which human knowledge was considered. Two ways of looking at knowledge emerged:

14

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