- interpretation as disciplinary ‘by was focused on the concept of “knowledge”. of knowledge nature’ - , as “necessarily articulated in was explored. It was agreed that In this view a
in this framework the single disciplines should be seen as constitutive and
taken as “autonomous knowledge.
bodies” and “departments”
Therefore, by conceiving knowledge as structurally disciplinary,
what was exercise,
called a “transdisciplinary
space” but not
would seemingly necessarily more
wider and deeper understanding of complex issues,
Similar attention was focused on the concept of “reality”,
by considering, and
mostly recognizing, its intrinsic complexity and its multiform character, while highlighting at the same time its deep unity.
In this perspective, each discipline is not constitutive but just instrumental, as it is useful, at a first instance, to analyse difficult problems under a specific point of view.
intellectual aim coincides with a quest for a wider and deeper knowledge compound reality.
The outcome of these preliminary
discussions on the conceptual background
transdisciplinary approach was to recognize a complex and unitary profile of reality,
which consequently calls for a unified approach to knowledge.
to assume a so-called “knowledge-based” p e r s p e c t i v e , a c k n o w l e d g e d t h e r e l e v a n c The debate on whether called “reality-based” perspective or a so- of a more “holistic” e overcome, transform, a “reductionist” transdisciplinary approach disciplinary approach. and to to
A strong agreement was also reached on the idea that disciplines are not able to give an answer or even to isolate many problems whose solution would at once necessitate and provide a better understanding of reality (see $4.2).
Prof. Krimsky (Tufts University, USA) explained in this regard that transdisciplinarity c<suggeststhat some questions are best treated by combining two disciplines, or at least their methods of analysis or theore tical frameworks jj,
He said that this can be better understood by considering the intrinsic transdisciplinary nature of certain classes of questions, as &here are certain classes of questions that transcend a single discipline. One such class of questions pertain to the synthesis of knowledge)).
On this basis, it was also highlighted that many issues of fundamental
our society (e.g., within the specific
freedom”, “determinism”, of single disciplines.
importance for even be posed