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3.6 -

Transdisciplinarity, beyond Multidisciplinarity

and Interdisciplinarity

Focusing on the articulation of methods and principles at the border between different disciplines means going a step beyond the notion of interdisciplinarity.

As Prof. Masini (Pontificia Universith Gregoriana, Italy) explained:

KThe difference

between

transdisciplinary disciplines offer

approach a parallel

an

interdisciplinary

and

a

is as follows:

in

analysis

of problems

the former, (..); in the

latter,

disciplines

offer

their

specific

approaches

and

even

basic assumptions,

to a dialogue,

in order to address

complex issues together. In the case of transdisciplinarity, approaches and even methods are developed in a joint eflort, something which is indeed dif,EcuIt in complex societies, but very necessary ( ..)))

Consequently, the shift of transdisciplinarity

is from a

the establishment of a common dialogue, basis of shared approaches and methods.

which

would

parallel analysis of problems to address complex issues on the

On the basis of an actual working USA) gave an even more specific interdisciplinary to transdisciplinary

experience, example of approach:

Prof. the

Klein (Wayne St. University,

shift

from

multidisciplinary

to

((In the fields of child development and problems of the

handicapped, a more systematic “‘multidisciplinary “interdisciplinary

“transdisciplinary ” approach connotes delivery of health care than occurs in a

juxtaposition

of

specialists

or

” coordination

of their expertise (. .). N

KA “transdisciplinary

” team participates

in more thorough

assimilation of rather than in knowledge and

knowledge. [Team members] work together, a sequential separation, to assimilate their perspectives (. .). N

This issue was thoroughly addressed by Working Group #l and Working Group #2 (see 94.1.2 and $4.2.2).

18

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