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4.2.1-

Plenary Prof.

2: What makes Transdisciplinarity

succeed or fail?

Anthony

M.

McMIichael

(University

of London,

England)

Prof. McMichael’s presentation focused on identification of the fundamental factors that allow transdisciplinarity to succeed. Before answering this question, he gave his own insights to the pivotal distinction between the concepts of interdisciplinarity,

multidisciplinarity, and transdisciplinarity.

The term ought to

‘interdisciplinary ’ is often refer more specifically

used loosely.

It perhaps

to research

topics and

substantive

interaction

Instead,

we often

methods that occupy newly-recognised space between

disciplines (or at inter-disciplinary

least entail boundary).

existing at the use it

synonymously

collaboration

with

‘multidisciplinary ‘,

between disciplines

working

to

refer

to

alongside

one

another in the same sense that we

use the term ‘international ’

or

‘interdepartmental’

to

refer

to

collaborations

between

governments

and

institutions

(...).

The concept of multidisciplinarity,

transdisciplinarity goes in the sense that it

beyond refers to

those of interdisciplinarity something more complex

and and

qualitatively different than the mere juxtaposition disciplinary fields:

or combinations

of different

(<Multidisciplinary science is an assemblage of collaborating

disciplines. The whole may or may not be greater than

of the parts. In transdisciplinary science,

the whole is

greater

than

its

derivative

disciplinary

parts

but

the

sum

not

just

it

has

qualitatively different science integrates its

properties. contributory

Further, disciplines

transdisciplinary such that they

are no Perhaps, emergent

longer

evident as disaggregatable

components.

then, we are describing properties that are not

a type of science which only different from, but

has not

even necessarily components (. .) )).

predictable

from,

its

contributory

On this basis, according to Prof. McMichael, the

“complexity” succeed:

have

to

be

primarily

kept

in

mind

two for

factors of “collectiveness” and a transdisciplinary approach to

ctTransdisciplinary enterprise arising

science (...) in response to

is by definition a collective the need to use humankind’s

knowledge and analytic powers

to understand

complex systems that are

not referable to the

framework

of any

disciplines

(. .)M.

single

scientific

discipline

large and intellectual or set of

26

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