Beside them, “synergy” and “co-operation” components of transdisciplinarity:
were isolated as two other crucial
entails a synergy between contributory
sets. This synergy, and the resultant
scienttfic discourse and conceptualisation, occur when a diverse mix of scientists research questions that are embedded in dynamic systems (. .))).
are most likely to cooperatively tackle large, complex and
In the end, Prof. McMichael, referring to the characteristics of the ideal participants to a t r a n s d i s c i p l i n a r y r e s e a r c h p r o g r a m m e , h i g h l i g h t e d t h e c o n c e p t s o f “ w i l l i n g n e s s t o interest and commitment”, trust” as well as “mutual identifying these individual
attitudes as additional crucial components for the success of the endeavour..
Furthermore, it has to be mentioned that, in the perspective of transdisciplinarity, Prof.
McMichael, felt the importance of briefly touching the issue of reductionist in Western science. In this view, he stressed how the classical methods
approach of Western
sciences conceive complex wholes as being reductively fractionable in a series of “leg0-like” components to be analyzed in a mono-disciplinary way:
((There have always been complex, multi-faceted, problems for
the classical methods of reductionist. With this the complex whole by parts; we dis-assemble scientists to think Western science reductionism, we separate studies about. However, are explicitly can learn about of its component , Classical science to manageably fractionate, assumes and confine our gaze (...). reducible lego-like world, a
researchable parts. There is no expectation that the whole will behave other than recognisably as the sum of its parts (...))J.
On the contrary, as he urged,
((there is a needfor approaches that can transcend the limited
look to wider
scale and uncertainty
(. .) M.
He recalled the thoughts of Ravetz and Funtowicz who have described the methods of the “soft-sciences” as
relate and the
((free of reductionist and mechanistic assumption about the
(. ..) N.