This Symposium gave definite shape to attempt to overcome the limitations of perceived as unable to address crucial
a widespread the present issues of this
need: beginning a systematic knowledge base, increasingly time. This process entails a
fundamental implication: “mono-disciplinary” way
going beyond the habit of approaching
problems in a
E i g h t t h o u s a n d f i v e h u n d r e d a n d t h i r t y ( 8 , 5 3 0 ) d e f i n a b l e f i e l d s o f k n o w l e d g e w e r e 1992, as the result of both recognized in a study conducted in increasing
specialization and overlapping domains. During the Symposium it was made clear how historically drawn boundaries between disciplines should be re-examined, and that space has to be given to “new strategies of integration of knowledge”.
At the same time, the need to overcome some already existing perspectives was stressed. Such traditional approaches, while hinting at new dimensions of knowledge,
remain fundamentally tied to disciplinary limitations.
This is the case for those forms of “multi-disciplinarity”
consist of the
juxtaposition disciplinarity” disciplines;
of several mono-disciplinary which involves interactions these interactions mostly focus
approaches, as well as for an “inter- only at the margins of individual on the findings, entirely leaving out
theories and methods.
are not effective remedies to the on-
going fragmentation of knowledge inasmuch as, through assemblage of approaches, they do not reach the dimension by the fundamental unity underlying all forms of knowledge.
The notion of “integration”
was clearly set as the scope of this Symposium, where the
seen as the
“antidote to fragmentation and intepated knowledge”
the way “towards
It was particularly identified that ‘problems are such because they are addressed too
Indeed, the means approaches, in
to address global
and complex issues do not lie
in inter- but not
interacting. A widening of perspectives is required.
The answer, could be found in a “trans-disciplinary
where a mere
parallel analysis of a problem from various disciplines is overcome by a dialogue starting from the different assumptions of segmented domains.
This dialogue is intended to bring to light hidden glimpses of unquestioned assumptions, and to unfold them into explicit methodologies on which the analysis can be focused.