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Conclusion:

Transdisciplinarity

as self-transformation

This Symposium gave definite shape to attempt to overcome the limitations of perceived as unable to address crucial

a widespread the present issues of this

need: beginning a systematic knowledge base, increasingly time. This process entails a

fundamental implication: “mono-disciplinary” way

.

going beyond the habit of approaching

problems in a

E i g h t t h o u s a n d f i v e h u n d r e d a n d t h i r t y ( 8 , 5 3 0 ) d e f i n a b l e f i e l d s o f k n o w l e d g e w e r e 1992, as the result of both recognized in a study conducted in increasing

specialization and overlapping domains. During the Symposium it was made clear how historically drawn boundaries between disciplines should be re-examined, and that space has to be given to “new strategies of integration of knowledge”.

At the same time, the need to overcome some already existing perspectives was stressed. Such traditional approaches, while hinting at new dimensions of knowledge,

remain fundamentally tied to disciplinary limitations.

This is the case for those forms of “multi-disciplinarity”

which

consist of the

juxtaposition disciplinarity” disciplines;

of several mono-disciplinary which involves interactions these interactions mostly focus

approaches, as well as for an “inter- only at the margins of individual on the findings, entirely leaving out

theories and methods.

Both multi-disciplinarity

and inter-disciplinarity

are not effective remedies to the on-

going fragmentation of knowledge inasmuch as, through assemblage of approaches, they do not reach the dimension by the fundamental unity underlying all forms of knowledge.

simple juxtaposition

or

of

“integration”

required

***

The notion of “integration”

was clearly set as the scope of this Symposium, where the

concept

of

“trans-disciplinarity”

was

seen as the

“path

back from

the

chaos”,

the

“antidote to fragmentation and intepated knowledge”

.

of knowledge”,

the way “towards

integrative processes

It was particularly identified that ‘problems are such because they are addressed too

narrowly”. disciplinary

Indeed, the means approaches, in

to address global

which

different

and complex issues do not lie

disciplines

are

converging

in inter- but not

interacting. A widening of perspectives is required.

The answer, could be found in a “trans-disciplinary

dimension”,

where a mere

parallel analysis of a problem from various disciplines is overcome by a dialogue starting from the different assumptions of segmented domains.

This dialogue is intended to bring to light hidden glimpses of unquestioned assumptions, and to unfold them into explicit methodologies on which the analysis can be focused.

37

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