Conceptual and methodological tools must be rethought. The fundamentals of each discipline re-examined to reveal their conceptual presuppositions and limitations.
On the basis of these analyses, integrated approaches can be found, as profound connections among disciplines can be identified at methodological level.
approach takes as disciplines, in order
is therefore conceived as “meta-methodology”:
object precisely the different “transform” and to “transcend’
transdisciplinary of the various
Transcending and transforming are seen here not as vague procedures to replace disciplinary methodologies with global, fuzzy, problem-solving techniques.
On the contrary, they are conceived as rigorous processes of abstraction, inasmuch as a transdisciplinary approach, intended to tackle global problems, needs to be general without being generic.
At the same time, these processes must not be rigid, since facing for a continuous critical reflection on the criteria to be used in adapting conceptual tools to many variable factors.
* * *
approach is not only helpful to better address crucial ‘known’
issues. It also the lack of an
makes new problems adequate structure of
emerge, as knowledge.
In this regard, transdisciplinarity generation of new metaphors to
helps in facing the complexity of reality, through communicate thoughts and to increase knowledge.
opens the eyes and widens
perspectives since, to improve
understanding, it uses concepts not owned by a single the intellectual space where the nature of the manifold be explored and unveiled.
discipline. Transdisciplinarity links among isolated issues
Through the metaphors engendered in such intellectual space, issues can be re- thought, alternatives can be re-considered, inter-relations can be revealed. A whole range of causes can be delineated and evaluated in unusual ways.
Several metaphors were used during the Symposium, to help in the comprehension of
complex or abstract among multi-, inter-, highlight the need for
issues. Most of them were intended to clarify the differences
Multidisciplinarity dishes, all of which accidental. Many
can be seen as a banquet where various people bring different are placed on a table. The outcome of the juxtaposition is merely people could bring the same dish. Others could bring totally