Eleonora Barbieri Masini Professor of Future Studies Faculty of Social Sciences Pontiticia Universita Gregoriana Rome, Italy
Some considerations on Transdisciplinarity
In a world of increasingly rapid and interrelated change, it is obvious that it is not possible to look at social problems or issues from one point of view or perspective.
The complexity of problems is such that it is necessary to address issues using a variety of different disciplinary approaches. Hence, the need for cooperation among
disciplines, hence the need for interdisciplinarity
as a principle (if not a practice),
Looking ahead needs not only many discipline
s looking at problems, but also a
The difference between an interdisciplinary and a transdisciplinary approach is as in the to a follows : in the former, l a t t e r , d i s c i p l i n e s o f f e disciplines offer a parallel analysis their .specific approaches and even of problems (...) ; basic assumptions r dialogue, , case of in order address complex issues together. In the to
transdisciplinarity, something which
approaches and even methods are indeed difficult in complex societies,
developed in a joint but very necessary (.
multidimensionality. between disciplines, thought and cultures
Yehezekel Dror believes that (...) not only there is a relationship but also a contribution from different backgrounds, schools of (.. .).
are the opposite of specialization, one of
the characteristics of the industrial age, which is in itself part of the search for greater and greater detail in natural and social sciences (...),
reasons and to
address a rapidly
said to be crucial changing society.
at this point in time for Without transdisciplinarity
historical we risk
making mistakes of such gravity as to threaten age of specialization, unless transdisciplinarity understanding a complex and rapidly changing in the making (. .).
the very survival of humanity. In the is understood as an important tool for society, dangers are ahead or already
For almost a decade in the framework of the United Nations University I developed comparative research on the effects of macro-events on the unit family and on women in eight developing countries (.,.). The whole of the first year of the research was devoted to identifying a transdisciplinary approach suited to such a vast multicultural project.