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Conclusion

Transdisciplinary

science is not easy to define. It refers to something more than

interdisciplinary and multidisciplinary contributory disciplines - between their synergy, and the resultant emergent conceptualisation, are most likely to cooperatively tackle research questions

science.

It entails

a synergy

between

conceptual

modes and

information

sets. This

properties of the scientific occur when a diverse mix that are embedded in large,

discourse and of scientists complex and

dynamic systems. Most scientists have made explicit research that free themselves from the tenets and reductionist science.

attempts to define approaches to processes of orthodox empirical

Experiences

with

Transdisciplinarity

  • -

    Successes

Upon reflection, it is easier to aspire to (and fantasise about) transdisciplinary research

than to break

actually, and knowingly,

experience it. Most

down

disciplinary

barriers

and

to

even

scientists find it hard enough engage in interdisciplinary

to or

multidisciplinary honoured in the

discourse and breach as in the

research. Such contact observance (. .).

across

boundaries

is

as

much

The task was to get a group of (. .) scientists (. .) to seek a common understanding, and a convergence of research methods (. .). The different groups of scientists should therefore be able to perceive the issues in more generic fashion, and learn from one another (. .).

There was a sense that disciplinary identities had partially dissolved, that a common understanding of the problem had emerged, and that we were all grappling with the same issue (. .).

These transdisciplinary

research experiences are most likely to occur when there are

several persons present who have both an eclectic knowledge and a disregard

boundaries conditioned

of other patterns

people’s intellectual of deference to experts

‘turf

There is a

in other

disciplines.

need to break Many experts

for the down have a

wood-versus-trees

problem

as a

result

of

their

confined

experience

(.

).

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