Sheldon Krimsky Professor Department of Urban & Environmental Policy Tufts University
The first thing that comes to my mind when I hear the term “transdisciplinarity”
problem-centered investigations Disciplines provide methods of
in contrast investigation
to “discipline and theoretical
centered investigations”. frameworks that inform
in the past (. .).
suggests that one’s queries and investigations are not bound by
disciplinary norms (. ).
Transdiscilpinarity two disciplines or
also suggests that some at least their methods of
questions are best treated by combining analysis or theoretical frameworks. This
type of transdisciplinarity
the precursor to or sociobiology
newly formed and hybridized are some examples where two
the scientific disciplines and serves as disciplines. Fields like psycholinguistic disciplines form a hybrid (. ..).
The methods or techniques of one discipline help to pose and answer questions
generally associated with another (. .).
base for an
namely the partnerships of two disciplines to
expand the theory of of Watson and Crick
form the disciplines of biology and physics that resulted in the discovery helix and eventually spawned the new field of molecular biology. philosophy of science and linguistic philosophy developed (. .).
of the double That’s how
Some people might view the term “transdisciplinarity”
as meaning “outside the
to pose a query that is outside all
Some discipline would claim the ownership of some part of the query. Likewise would be difficult to find a method of measurement or of acquiring information evidence that is outside all disciplines. So if we speak of “transdisciplinarity”
it or as
meaning outside of all disciplines (organized fields of knowledge) great a burden on the term (. ).
it imposes too
The term “transdisciplinarity”
has a certain fluidity. It suggests that one is not bound
by disciplinary canons in any one field. The term There are certain classes of questions that trascend
transcendence is appropriate a single discipline. One such
of questions about human
pertain to the synthesis of freedom and determinism.
knowledge. For example, what we can This question requires an examination of
recent contributions of many neurophysiology, physics, behavioral
fields of psychology,
to name a few
In this context “transdisciplinarity
is a type of meta-analysis. It seeks unifying themes
from the contributions
of diverse disciplines.
It involves the