Other expressions of “transdisciplinarity” of two or more fields. Such questions
relate to questions that are not so much outside
are at the interface disciplines but are
rather situated within overlapping disciplines (. .).
The broad scope of [a] hypothesis makes it “transdisciplinary”
in the sense that the
evidence required to dispute it or to support it derives from many differen disciplinary sources (. .). When such a broad hypothesis is framed that intersects so many disciplines, the problems of confirmation or falsification are complicated (. ..).
The term disciplines
“transdisciplinarity” for addressing the
has several meanings to me; the trascendence of meta-questions; the intersection of two or more
methods/techniques/theory hypothesis (. .).
from several disciplines in the framing or testing of a
One of the most pressing issues of our time are the rising rates of diseases of unknown
etiology. In many category. Much of these diseases have
nations, breast and prostate cancer
the national research efforts directed followed a reductionist approach (_ ).
If we are going to make any progress in understanding what, if any, role chemicals play in cancer it will take a major transdisciplinary effort (. .). To date, many of these
investigations are disciplinary studies meta-theory across
taking place in parallel. The linkages between the diverse (. .) are poorly developed. The synthetic activity of developing the different studies and disciplinary approaches sees to be at its
Transdisciplinary the disease and of inquiry (. .).
would require an openness to alternative better linkages between the reductionist and
modes of understanding more holistic paradigms
Each of these areas produce insights into a small piece of the problem. A more
integrative approach could essence of transdisciplinarity problem from the disciplinary
yeld new fruitful
looking at the
segments (. ..).
and testable hypotheses. big picture and building a