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Julie Thompson Klein

Professor of Humanities Wayne State University Detroit, Michigan

Definition

Before “transdisciplinarity”

entered the English language, the

already widely

used in loan words

from

Latin.

“Trans”,

generally

prefix “trans” was speaking, means to

move across, beyond

or through

(. ..). “Trans”

infers something

further,

greater, more

powerful, or more encompassing (. .).

The currency of the term “transdisciplinarity”

derives from the first international

conference on interdisciplinarity

hosted by the OECD and held in Nice in 1970. The

typology of distinguished

definitions that emanated from that meeting and a subsequent book

“interdisciplinarity”

interaction

of two

or more disciplines

from

a more

comprehensive and systematic integration:

((Transdisciplinarity

Establishing

a

common

system of

axioms for

a

set

of

disciplines))

(_

),

A decade later, (. .) Raymond Miller (. .) defined transdisciplinary

approaches as

holistic conceptual frameworks

that transcend the narrow scope of disciplinary

worldviews.

Through

encompass

parts of the

an overarching synthesis, these frameworks metaphorically material fields that disciplines usually handle separately (. .).

Some proponents

believe their conceptual

frameworks

should replace existing

disciplinary approaches. Others coherence when working across of isomorphism between their represent. In addition, the status

from

framework

to

framework

(.

put them forward as alternatives or as providers of

disciplines. Proponents also claim different degrees schemes and the “real world” they purportedly of quantitative explanation and manipulation differs .).

Knowledge Fields

When used as a description of knowledge fields, the word “transdisciplinary” most often, to a synoptic breadth of vision or application (. .).

refers,

Any transdisciplinary

effort is implicitly

a critique of the existing structure of

knowledge,

disciplines deliberate

education,

or culture

(. .). Depending

on the particular

are reconfigured as subordinate, instrumental or irrelevant effort to transform, not just transcend, disciplines (. ),

(.

.);

scheme, there is a

Broadening Networks

Clearly, transdisciplinarity

means more than one thing. It is perceived as a vision of

knowledge, a particular theory or concept, a particular method, and an essential strategy for addressing complex problems of the contemporary world (. ).

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