Julie Thompson Klein
Professor of Humanities Wayne State University Detroit, Michigan
entered the English language, the
used in loan words
prefix “trans” was speaking, means to
move across, beyond
(. ..). “Trans”
powerful, or more encompassing (. .).
The currency of the term “transdisciplinarity”
derives from the first international
conference on interdisciplinarity
hosted by the OECD and held in Nice in 1970. The
typology of distinguished
definitions that emanated from that meeting and a subsequent book
or more disciplines
comprehensive and systematic integration:
A decade later, (. .) Raymond Miller (. .) defined transdisciplinary
holistic conceptual frameworks
that transcend the narrow scope of disciplinary
parts of the
an overarching synthesis, these frameworks metaphorically material fields that disciplines usually handle separately (. .).
believe their conceptual
should replace existing
disciplinary approaches. Others coherence when working across of isomorphism between their represent. In addition, the status
put them forward as alternatives or as providers of
disciplines. Proponents also claim different degrees schemes and the “real world” they purportedly of quantitative explanation and manipulation differs .).
When used as a description of knowledge fields, the word “transdisciplinary” most often, to a synoptic breadth of vision or application (. .).
effort is implicitly
a critique of the existing structure of
(. .). Depending
on the particular
are reconfigured as subordinate, instrumental or irrelevant effort to transform, not just transcend, disciplines (. ),
scheme, there is a
means more than one thing. It is perceived as a vision of
knowledge, a particular theory or concept, a particular method, and an essential strategy for addressing complex problems of the contemporary world (. ).