The disciplines therefore are in one sense the way of accessing a new theme of study; but in another sense, their treatment or ignorance of that theme is itself the issue.
takes disciplines cannot.
as objects of study in a way
particular is the site
site or sites of interest as observed and not the
of the observer which determines the approach (, ).
Areas such as the ‘city’, or ‘drugs’, provide places of conjunction variety of disciplinary issues that no disciplinary or interdisciplinary
between such a framework can
do it justice. It is only by treating every discipline as relevant but never a hegemonic structure that an understanding of the meaning of that site can really be developed (...).
Transdisciplinarity treats different disciplines as verbs rather than nouns,
The treatment of disciplines - the use of the word “and” - as implying a mutual constitution of subjects rather than a conjunction of objects, is what marks out the territory of the transdisciplinarity.
Change comes from thought, and thought comes
the imagination enriched over
experience. By multiplying
the ways in which ideas are expressed, we multiply the
web of connections in our communicate and the ability experiences and knowledges
thinking, and of the listener (. .).
therefore multiply both our to build on those ideas out of
ability to their own
There is something enormously revealing about the very connections which a society has chosen not to focus on. The sideways glimpse, the unspoken assumption, tells one an enormous amount about the nature and the structure of a society or an issue. By focusing on the kind of connections which have not been considered before (. .) one finds a great deal of surprising material.
It is precisely by applying a variety of different perspectives to a particular site or issue, and through critiquing the approach taken by traditional disciplines in relation
to that site, that one is engaged in transdisciplinary
work. Further, the capacity of
studies to multiply our ways of knowing, and
emotion, ethics to politics, and knowledge new ways of thinking about entrenched
to aesthetics, makes social problems, and
to connect reason it both productive communicative to
to of a
broad range of social stakeholders. innovation offered by ransdisciplinary otherwise intractable social issues.
pedagogic appeal and the is particularly important in
The transdisciplinary work (. .) emphasised that understanding comes not just from words but from images (. .). These emphasise that there is something intellectual beyond words, something to be understood which cannot be captured by traditional