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1.1 -

UNESCO,

a Transdisciplinary

Organization

As the UNESCO Director-General, Mr. Federico Mayor, said at the opening of the

International

Symposium

on Interdisciplinarity,

back

in

1991, when

McGill

University

and UNESCO

had previously sat around the same

table

to

enucleate

problems

and

hopes

of

interdisciplinarity

and transdisciplinarity,

((the contributions made by our Organization the United Nations are founded on dyerent they bring together scientific components - sense of the word - and cultural and ethical

to thefamily of points of view; in the strictest knowledge)).

Indeed UNESCO integrated holistic

has always placed the approaches, in dealing

utmost with

importance in the the Organization’s

development

of

many issues

-

environmental and cultural development, population, human rights and

transcultural education, between disciplines and

etc. -

which

even between

pose fields

challenges that of knowledge.

cut

across

the

democracy, boundaries

It is in fact incumbent on UNESCO, because of its intellectual vocation, awareness of the uniqueness and special relevance of transdisciplinarity,

to heighten as an urgent

challenge

required

by

the

increasing

complexity

of

contacts

and

exchanges

between

specialized domains.

In this view, transdisciplinarity

  • -

    working against the fragmentation of knowledge

carried out in the name of the excesses of hyperspecialization,

disciplines - which have

represents a positive answer to the tendency to become just

those sterile

compartmentalization,

and where

intellectual

obstacles

reinforce

institutional

obstacles and vice versa.

1.2 -

UNESCO

Transdisciplinary

Programmes,

a brief

overview

The concept of transdisciplinarity UNESCO. Faced with the speed

has achieved of change and

increasingly wide recognition within growing complexity of the world and

with both

the new challenges of history, the Organization

greater

flexibility

and

transdisciplinarity

into

all

has endeavoured to introduce of its programmes’ design and

implementation.

In this light, UNESCO’s action -

increasingly designed in terms of transdisciplinary

projects and developed on the basis of a thematic, rather than sectoral, approach - brings together various areas of knowledge and tries to find practical solutions to crucial problems of development whose intricacy calls for holistic methods.

These projects transdisciplinary

try to express, approach which

both is of

conceptually and methodologically, fundamental importance in seeking a

this better

understanding of the modern world, General Conference and, in particular, the plenary sessions.

as was shown during the debates at the last in the statements by the heads of delegation at

3

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