Old-age pension fund, pension insurance
On-post staff and workers
zai gang zhigong
On-post staff and workers, as distinct from laid-off (off-post, not-on-post) staff and workers, as distinct from unemployed workers:
These categories refer to workers in cities and not to workers in towns. “On-post staff and workers” includes those adults working ages who are currently employed in urban work units
rural areas or in the legal (danwei) and
are being paid,
be in arrears).
or at least are supposed to be paid (though wage payments “Laid-off” (or off-post or not-on-post) staff and workers
are those employees in the working ages who their work units, but who still keep a formal
have been formally tie with the former
laid off by work unit,
often for some of the following reasons:
to keep their subsidized housing, for
medical benefits, to keep other subsidies or benefits, so they can get a subsistence allowance, to get retraining and job-search assistance, or so that they will be called back if the work load of the enterprise picks up. “Unemployed” workers are those adults in cities who are listed as “urban registered unemployed” (see “unemployment rate”).
Pearl River Delta (in Guangdong province) zhujiang sanjiaozhou or zhusanjiao
Population residence registration – hukou
In practice, in China, it is difficult for someone born in a rural area or town to
get permission to shift residence registration to a migrant with rural hukou might live in a city for years being granted a city permanent residence registration.
or decades without ever