22 Thomas G. Rawski, Recent Developments in China’s Labor Economy (Geneva, International Labor Office, Nov. 2003), revised from a report prepared in January 2002.
McGuckin and Spiegelman, China’s Experience, p. 5.
24 See Changming Li, China Industrial Development Report 1997 (Beijing, Economic Management Press, 1997), especially Chapter 11, “China’s textile industry: From size to strength”; also in Christopher Howe, Y. Y. Kueh, and Robert Ash (eds.), China’s Economic Reform: A Study with Documents (London, RoutledgeCurzon, 2003), pp. 165-75.
McGuckin and Spiegelman, China’s Experience, pp. 4-5, 11-13, 17.
26 The calculation procedure for estimating the nationwide employed population from the long-form sample sidesteps the problem that there was a severe undercount of children below age 10 or so in the 2000 census. The count of the population aged 15 years and older in the 2000 census was quite complete, in that it matched the expected adult population as projected from the 1990 census and taking into account all available demographic information for the interim period, even though there is controversy about whether some young and middle-aged adults were counted in the wrong places. (See Weimin Zhang and Hongyan Cui, “Dui Zhongguo 2000 nian renkou pucha zhunque xing de guji” [“Estimates of the accuracy of China’s 2000 population census”], Renkou yanjiu (Population Research), vol. 27, no. 4, 2003, pp. 25-35; Kam Wing Chan, “Chinese census 2000: New opportunities and challenges,” The China Review, Fall 2003, pp. 1-12; Daniel Goodkind and Gregory Robinson, “Intercensal evaluations of year 2000 censuses: Issues and surprises in the United States and China,” paper presented at the International Seminar on China’s 2000 Population and Housing Census, Beijing, April 2004.)
27 Alwyn Young, Gold into Base Metals: Productivity Growth in the People’s Republic of China during the Reform Period, NBER Working Paper Series no. 7856 (Cambridge, MA, National Bureau of Economic Research, 2000), pp. 22-23.
China Labor Statistical Yearbook 2003, pp. 8-9.
29 China National Bureau of Statistics, Tabulation on the 2000 Population Census of the People’s Republic of China, vol. 2 [in Chinese] (Beijing, China Statistics Press, 2002), pp. 1578-79.
China Labor Statistical Yearbook 2003, pp. 23, 362.
Wage reporting instructions, 2004, p. 1-2.
32 Compare “Di wu ci quanguo renkou pucha biao chang biao” (“The fifth national population census form, long form) (Beijing, China National Bureau of