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MANUFACTURING EMPLOYMENT AND COMPENSATION IN CHINA - page 77 / 106

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Table 1. Official reported manufacturing employment in China, yearend 1978-2002

[In millions]

Town and village enterprises (TVE's)

Urban manufacturing staff and workers

Manufacturing employment in urban units

Manufacturing employment

Year

2

Manufacturing

Industry

Other ownership units

Urban collective- owned units

State-owned units

Total

Women

Men

Total

1

Derived urban

Rural

Total

--

17.34

--

11.46

24.49

35.95

--

--

--

35.98

17.34

53.32

1978.................

--

19.42

--

13.46

26.01

39.47

--

--

--

39.57

19.42

58.99

1980.................

-- -- -- -- -- 51.50 53.73 58.56 67.10 64.34 69.92 72.65

41.37 47.62 52.67 57.03 56.24 55.72 58.14 63.36 72.60 69.62 75.65 78.60

.37 .46 .58 .77 1.08 1.35 1.80 2.36 4.30 5.98 6.96 7.28

16.08 16.80 17.24 17.45 17.54 17.73 17.82 17.47 15.95 15.15 14.17 13.46

29.75 30.96 32.09 33.27 33.44 33.95 34.82 35.26 34.44 33.21 33.26 32.18

46.20 48.20 49.88 51.49 52.06 53.04 54.43 55.08 54.69 54.34 54.39 52.93

-- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 24.61 24.82 23.92

-- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 30.31 30.11 29.52

-- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 54.92 54.93 53.44

46.71 48.80 50.62 52.39 52.91 53.95 55.71 56.38 56.36 57.64 58.32 57.44

27.41 31.39 32.97 34.13 32.56 32.29 32.68 34.68 36.59 38.49 39.71 40.19

74.12 80.19 83.59 86.52 85.47 86.24 88.39 91.06 92.95 96.13 98.03 97.63

1985................. 1986................. 1987................. 1988................. 1989................. 1990................. 1991................. 1992................. 1993................. 1994................. 1995................. 1996.................

56.84

3

61.49

3

8.27

12.44

30.11

50.83

22.86

28.44

51.30

55.80

40.32

96.12

1997.................

67.79 68.35 69.01 70.38 70.87

73.34 73.95 74.67 76.15 76.68

11.44 12.25 13.06 13.91 15.82

3

7.42 6.22 5.19 4.25 3.46

3

18.83 16.48 14.15 11.94 9.79

3

37.69 34.96 32.40 30.10 29.07

3

-- 15.42 14.25 13.18 12.83

-- 20.12 18.75 17.52 16.98

38.26 35.54 33.01 30.70 29.81

3

43.90 41.56 39.34 37.87 38.02

3

39.29 39.53 41.09 42.96 45.06

3

83.19 81.09 80.43 80.83 83.07

3

1998................. 1999................. 2000................. 2001................. 2002.................

69

Derived urban manufacturing employment is calculated as national manufacturing employment minus rural manufacturing employment. TVE manufacturing employment was reported officially only for 2002, when it constituted 92.4 percent of TVE industry employment; figures for other years are estimated, using the same percentage. Break in series.

1

2

3

NOTES: Dash indicates data not available. All figures refer to the mainland provinces of China, not including Hong Kong, Macao, or Taiwan. The data are from China's annual yearend reporting system, not from census data, and are not adjusted to agree with census data.

SOURCES: China National Bureau of Statistics and China Ministry of Labor, compilers, China Labor Statistical Yearbook 2003 (Beijing, China Statistics Press, 2003), pp. 8, 10, 13, 16, 21, 23-26, 171, 473. China Ministry of Agriculture, China TVE Yearbook Editorial Committee, ed., China Village and Town Enterprise Yearbook 2003 [in Chinese] (Beijing, China Agriculture Publishing House, 2003), p. 130.

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