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MANUFACTURING EMPLOYMENT AND COMPENSATION IN CHINA - page 82 / 106

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Table 6. Published earnings of manufacturing employees in China, 2002

Average living subsidy (yuan)

Average earnings per employee (yuan)

Average number of employees (millions)

Number of employees (yearend, millions)

Total earnings paid (billions of yuan)

Category of manufacturing workers

-- -- -- 2,213

11,152 11,001 17,237 --

29.98 29.26 -- --

2

29.81 29.07 0.74 9.13

334.39 321.90 -- --

Manufacturing in urban units.................................................... On-post urban manufacturing staff and workers............................... Other urban manufacturing employment............................... Laid-off urban manufacturing staff and workers...............................

-- --

6,927 8,899

2

2

70.62 18.98

2

2

70.87 19.05

489.22 168.94

1

Manufacturing TVE's ..................................................................... Large-scale manufacturing TVE's .............................................

1

TVE's are town and village enterprises. Derived from other numbers reported in the table or in the sources.

1

2

NOTES: Dash indicates data not available or not applicable. In the sources, remuneration for workers in urban manufacturing units and for other urban manufacturing employees is called "earnings" (laodong baochou ), whereas remuneration for on-post urban manufacturing staff and workers is called "wages" (gongzi ). For manufacturing TVE's, only the total 2002 expenditure for earnings (laodongzhe baochou ) is reported; the average per employee is not directly reported. All figures for manufacturing in urban units exclude self-employed individuals and small privately owned firms.

74

SOURCES: China National Bureau of Statistics and China Ministry of Labor, compilers, China Labor Statistical Yearbook 2003 (Beijing, China Statistics Press, 2003), pp. 29, 34, 46, 169, 171, 179, 230, 243, 249, 473; China Ministry of Agriculture, TVE Yearbook Editorial Committee, ed., China Village and Town Enterprise Yearbook 2003 [in Chinese] (Beijing, China Agriculture Publishing House, 2003), pp. 130-31.

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