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MANUFACTURING EMPLOYMENT AND COMPENSATION IN CHINA - page 83 / 106

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Table 7. Urban manufacturing employment and earnings by subsector in China, 2002

Urban manufacturing subsector

Urban employees (yearend)

Total manufacturing in urban units....................................................

29,984,619

Tobacco processing................................................................ Electronics and telecommunications................................................. Petroleum processing and coking products....................................... Smelting and pressing of ferrous metals............................................ Transportation equipment manufacturing.......................................... Medical and pharmaceutical products............................................... Instruments and office machinery...................................................... Smelting and pressing of nonferrous metals...................................... Electric equipment and machinery.................................................... Chemical fibers manufacturing.......................................................... Printing and record medium reproduction......................................... Ordinary machinery manufacturing................................................... Special-purpose equipment manufacturing........................................ Cultural, educational, and sport products.......................................... Chemical raw materials and products................................................ Plastic products................................................................. Metal products................................................................. Food products manufacturing............................................................ Rubber products................................................................ Beverage manufacturing............................................................ Leather, furs, down, and related products.......................................... Garments and other fiber products.................................................... Furniture manufacturing............................................................ Other manufacturing............................................................ Papermaking and paper products....................................................... Nonmetal mineral products............................................................ Food processing................................................................ Timber, bamboo, natural fiber and straw products.................. Textile industry..................................................................

233,485 1,623,783 565,505 1,900,648 2,319,421 844,857 464,762 755,646 1,441,399 263,378 493,497 1,921,315 1,400,594 294,636 2,213,256 606,800 897,455 621,757 377,633 740,250 578,590 1,336,191 180,484 601,416 592,400 2,116,034 977,439 267,666 2,841,565

Average earnings per employee (yuan)

11,152

23,744 17,636 17,357 15,032 14,409 13,207 12,720 12,491 12,405 11,404 10,863 10,668 10,406 10,390 10,359 10,131 10,075 10,064 10,055 9,619 9,108 9,066 8,881 8,781 8,668 8,123 7,965 7,339 7,268

NOTES: These data refer only to urban manufacturing employment and earnings.The subsectors listed here refer to 29.47 million of China's urban manufacturing workers. Rural manufacturing workers in each subsector undoubtedly have lower earnings than those displayed here. The earnings figures shown do not include required employer social insurance payments or other nonwage labor costs.

SOURCE: China National Bureau of Statistics and China Ministry of Labor, compilers, China Labor Statistical Yearbook 2003 (Beijing, China Statistics Press, 2003), pp. 179 and 218-25.

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