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MANUFACTURING EMPLOYMENT AND COMPENSATION IN CHINA - page 97 / 106

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Laid-off staff and workers

xiagang zhigong

Manufacturing economic organizations – urban

Most manufacturing employees in cities are employed by workplaces and factories organized as work units (danwei); their employees totaled 30 million at yearend 2002. These manufacturing work units may be state-owned enterprises, urban collectives, or private sector enterprises.

Smaller in size than the work units are the “private enterprises” (siying qiye), which had a total of 5.64 million manufacturing investors and employees in

China’s cities in 2002.

The definition of a siying qiye

economic

organization

8 or more

employees.

that is There

privately owned and privately are three types of siying qiye:

is that it is operated and

an has

duzi qiye – exclusive investment, solely owned by a single investor

hehuo qiye – partnership

youxian zeren qiye – limited liability enterprise that has 2-30 investors

Smaller than the siying qiye are the individual and family-owned enterprises called getihu, which totaled 2.57 million manufacturing workers in China’s cities in 2002. A getihu has fewer than 8 employees.

Manufacturing employment in urban units chengzhen danwei zhizaoye jiuye renyuan

See also “Manufacturing economic organizations – urban”

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