5/4/05 Draft VI
No. Counties Provided Enforcement Grant
Grant $ Provided to Counties NA 247,133 227,700 227,700
No. Counties Receive Payment
2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05
NA 20 22 26
20 19 20 NA – FY not complete
$ Payment Made to Counties
160,934 182,444 152,970 NA – FY not complete
% Grant $ Available Paid to Counties NA 74% 67% NA
(a) Source: DNR Grants, Contracts and Customer Systems
The table illustrates that some counties intend to provide ORV enforcement, but are not always able to follow through due to a variety of circumstances, most relating to a lack of personnel. As a result, each year actual payments to counties have not risen to the level of enforcement grant funds allocated to counties. Counties who have continued their involvement with ORV enforcement have expressed concern that due to requests for funds exceeding available funds, the DNR has not allowed ORV enforcement grants to support equipment purchases by sheriffs in recent years. It is also noteworthy that the number of counties applying for enforcement grants is increasing.
Regarding enforcement costs, unlike its sister programs, Marine Safety Enforcement and Snowmobile Enforcement, which allow counties to use deputies who do not have state certification from the Michigan Council on Law Enforcement Safety (MCOLES), ORV enforcement requires MCOLES certified officers. This increases the costs for counties per hour of patrol, but it also provides a more highly trained, better equipped enforcement officer.
What are the similarities and differences in ORV enforcement efforts by DNR conservation officers and county sheriffs? Conservation officer data is available for 1998
2000 for the counties of Clare, Gladwin, Roscommon, Ogemaw, Crawford, Iosco and
Oscoda (DNR Law Enforcement District 7 during the period) provided by Lt. Walt Mikula, District Law Supervisor. This was previously published in Nelson and Lynch (2002) in an evaluation of the AuSable Pilot Project, an effort to improve compliance in part of DNR Enforcement District 7 through additional enforcement effort and improved signage. Data from 2002-03 from participating county sheriffs is from reports required by the ORV Law Enforcement grant agreement and submitted to the DNR Office of Grants, Contracts and Customer Systems by most counties. Enforcement can be compared on the number of contacts per citation and contacts per warning and citation (Table 3).
Table 3. Comparison of recent ORV enforcement activity between counties and DNR Law Enforcement Division enforcement (a).