X hits on this document

377 views

0 shares

0 downloads

0 comments

109 / 136

App. B—Commissioned Background Papers . 109

19

optimal functioning of each production unit, increasingly effective integration of all components of production, and increasingly effective co-ordination and control of other non-production operations as well -- as was illustrated in Figure 1.

Robots have been and will, of course,

continue to be introduced simply as

direct replacements creasing proportion from the continuing which are likely to components.

for individual workers performing manual tasks.

But an in-

of their applications in the development and spreading of require comparably improving

future are likely to derive programmable automation systems, capabilities in their robot

Accordingly, the key issues involved in increasing the contribution of pro- grammable automation and robotics to strengthening the international competitive- ness of domestic manufacturing industries would seem to center around:

1.

the adequacy of the rate of development of the technological capabilities

2.

of programmable automation of progress abroad; the adequacy of the rate of diffusio

robotics

relative to the

and of

systems

rate

n of programmable automation systems

and of robotics relative to their capacity to improve productive efficiency

3.

and cost competitiveness, and also relative to such diffusion rates among foreign competitors; the relative effects of slower and faster rates of development and dif- fusion of such systems and of robotics on the competitiveness of various

domestic industries as well as on requirements; and 4. the identification of the nature,

their employment levels and capital

sources and relative importance of the

influential determinants of changes

in the rate of development and dif-

fusion of programmable automation systems and robotics. The formulation of effective approaches to encouraging fuller realization of the constructive potentials offered by programmable automation systems and robotics would seem to require prior careful exploration of these issues.

B.

SOME POLICY NEEDS AND ALTERNATIVES

1.

On the Adequacy of Development Rates

Until now, most of the mation and robots have been

or

more

safely.

Because

of

development focussed on the already

efforts concerned with programmable auto- performing existing tasks more effectively recognized needs of managements and the

Document info
Document views377
Page views377
Page last viewedWed Dec 07 16:47:49 UTC 2016
Pages136
Paragraphs11095
Words48033

Comments