X hits on this document

353 views

0 shares

0 downloads

0 comments

116 / 136

116 . Exploratory Workshop on the Social Impacts of Robotics

26

  • a.

    the expertise of the technical personnel;

  • b.

    the structure and operation of the production system;

  • c.

    the economically feasible range of changes in product designs and product- mix;

  • d.

    and the very criteria used to evaluate the capabilities of new capital goods; as well as

  • e.

    the skills and organization of labor.

Each of these represents powerful and mutually reinforcing commitments to pre-

serving gradual

existing operating and and localized changes.

organizational arrangements, except for Hence major advances are not likely to

small, be achieved

unless they are pushed aggressively by senior managers committed to achieve them and willing to invest the resources and to introduce the organizational means necessary to implement such programs.

4.

Other Incentives and Deterrents

One of the most important stimuli to the increasing diffusion of robots has been the gradually growing awareness among managements, engineers and labor that these have proven themselves practical and economical in an expanding array of applications, and hence are becoming an increasingly unavoidable option among the alternatives to be considered whenever plans to improve productive efficiency are

being developed.

This fact

seek

more

information

about

alone robot

has forced production managers and engineers capabilities, limitations and costs, thereby

to

sensitizing

them

to

the

kinds

of

applications

where

they

might

prove

most

rewarding.

And such inquiries from prospective ment efforts of robot manufacturers

customers obviously help to focus the develop- on meeting newly emerging market opportunities.

On the other hand,

one of the influential deterrents to more rapid adoptions

of robots of robots ments was

has been managerial concern about labor reactions.

The introduction

to replace operators readily accepted, of

in dangerous or course, as, was

especially uncomfortable environ- their use in unduly exhausting jobs.

The use of robots accepted by labor

in

h i g h l y r o u t i n i z e d ( b o r i n g ) j o b s

provided

that

the

replaced

operators

has were

also been commonly given other assignments.

But there seems to be widespread concern among managers that robot installations which threaten substantial employment reductions in existing plants may well en- gender serious labor problems, whose resolution would be likely to reduce expected

cost-savings substantially.

Major

restricted

to

new

plants

which

can

installations establish new

are accordingly likely to be manning levels in accordance

with

their

new

operating

characteristics.

Such

managerial

concerns

need

not,

of

course,

Document info
Document views353
Page views353
Page last viewedMon Dec 05 17:08:52 UTC 2016
Pages136
Paragraphs11095
Words48033

Comments