App. B—Commissioned Background Papers .
Mitchell Hutchins Inc.
The decade of the 1980s will see the need to modernize the U.S. manufacturing base at a time when the change in demographics will result in a sharp decline in the number of workers avail-
able for blue collar jobs as well as an overall drop in the number of people entering the work
force as a whole.
industry will have to quicken its pace of
competitive, and only through the sector will the automated factory
automation if it is to remain robots in the manufacturing
AN ANALYSIS OF ROBOT USE
What Exactly Is a Robot?
Disagreement exists among both foreign and American manufacturers over the appropriate defi- nition of an industrial robot:
The most widely quoted definition has been published by the Robot Institute of
America (RIA) , a trade association of trade manufacturers and users. defines a robot as “...a reprogrammable, multifunctional manipulator
The RIA designed
to move for the
material, parts, performance of a
tools or specialized variety of tasks."
The Japanese Industrial Robot Associates (JIRA)
specified four levels of robots:
Manual manipulators that perform fixed or preset sequences.
Teaching playback robots that repeat fixed instructions after being
taught a work procedure.
N.C. robots executing operations on the basis of numerically coded information.
Intelligence robots that perform various functions through its sensing and recognizing capabilities.
definitions abound, the key should be both programmable
difference is and versatile.
that by Hence,
commonly the RIA
accepted American would not include
so that Japanese
and U.S. robot population statistics are not precisely aside, Japan leads all other countries in its acceptance,
use and government support of robots.
Their industry lead is substantial,
viewed in relationship to the relative size of their GNP. Table 3: Geographic Distribution of Robots
Europe West Germany
Italy Poland Norway England
850 600 500 360 200 185 130 20
5 3 3 2 1 1 1
Using RIA Definition
Other Total Source
R-IA, JIRA, Business Breakdown of U.S. Market Week.
Programmable Non-Servo Controlled Servo Controlled --Point to Point