Exploratory Workshop on the Social Impacts of Robotics
Mitchell Hutchins Inc.
the important crieteria for robot purchases :
1. Reduce manufacturing costs
2. Provide direct labor savings.
Other factors also cited include enhanced product quality, an improved working environment and tying into other forms of computerized automation though the relative importance of these
first two mentioned.
median average expected payback period runs materially during the first half of the 1980s.
Automotive Casting/Foundry Heavy Manufacturing Light Manufacturing Electrical/Electronic Aerospace Source: RIA.
3.0 3.0 2.0 2.0 2.0
2.5 3.0 2.0 2.0 2.5
While foreign built robots are not a significant factor currently, it is expected that in-
creased exports from will lead to foreign
Japan by 1983 manufacturers
as well as foreign owned U.S. manufacturing
survey suggested that 20% of the dollar value of robots is likely to be supplied manufacturers, with cost advantage and overall quality (manufacturing and design) key factors that led to a foreign built purchase.
by foreign being the
Robot Demand Expected To Be Sensitive To Economic Cycles”
It appears quite will be a cyclical savings as well as
likely that demand for robots as well as a growth market.
as well as other factory automation equipment Using expected cost reduction and direct labor
that manufacturers will be sensitive to a reduction in business expectations and cash flow
which can result from an economic downturn.
This has been the case in
robot sales in terms of both unit production conditions in 1971 and 1975 despite the small
and value showed moderate size of the industry.
It is conceivable for the U.S. robot sector to evolve into a strong cyclical growth market somewhat akin to the minicomputer or semiconductor sector, i.e. strong unit and sales growth with each trough in demand significantly higher (perhaps 30-40%) than the previous trough.
Units (000 Units)