App. B—Commissioned Background Papers .
Mitchell Hutchins Inc.
Within the manufacturing corporation, the jobs created by widespread use of robots and un- manned manufacturing --programmers, technicians, engineers --for the most part require a high
degree of technical training.
The jobs which robots eliminate,
and machine operators,
are frequently of a lower skill or,
if even skilled,
technical knowledge. oversupply of workers
Massive training whose skills have
programs will be needed to prevent become obsolete and a simultaneous
the creation of an shortage of engineers
and technicians. responses to the
It appears SME Robotics
that the manufacturing Delphi Poll (Table 15)
Updated In-House Manufacturing Engineering Personnel Hiring of Experienced Personnel from Manufacturer Hiring of Experienced Personnel from Robot Vendor
50% 20 10 15
To date, however, only the barest recently seen the development of an
beginnings of such programs are academic robotics curriculum to
in place. help meet
robot technicians. such a program and locations near the
Macomb County Community College in Warren, the State of South Carolina is subsidizing new Cincinnati Milacron robot plant.
has just introduced training programs at
While we believe the critical issues of manufacturing techniques and labor displacement can be handled in the short-term, we are becoming more concerned that the magnitude of the problem
could be serious bility, economic
during the second half of the viability and availability of
1980s. Technological advances enhance assembly and inspection robot systems:
The design of products that are compatible with robot handling will increase in importance. One implication is that the robot specialist will have to be involved in the product design phase.
It is estimated that assembly workers constitute upwards of 15% of the U.S. manufacturing work force, and inspection workers probably 5-10%. These are two areas where advanced robotics could be applied with astonishing impact.
The need to finance a business in an industry capable of growing 35% annually and requiring
significant levels of R&D and an extensive support network suggests that profitability and
availability of capital dustry have been able to favorable publicity the
‘it appears that the members of the robot in-
tap the capital market as robot sector has received,
There is no doubt that all the
and Business Week by the investment
in 1980, has community as
It is our view that the government would probably not have to get intimately involved in the financial requirements of the robotics industry. A free market approach should allow this sector to attract the necessary capital required because of the well-above average growth pros-
This does not preclude the necessity of general policy incentives required
that tax relief, especially higher depreciation write-offs, would benefit robot producers as well as manufacturers.
by American are the