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  • ‚óŹ

    Exploratory Workshop on the Social Impacts of Robotics

Daiwa Securities America Inc.

Page -2-

TABLE I

Industrial Robot Production Value

1985E

500.0

2,500

1990E

1,000.0

5,000

1968

.4

1969

1.5

1970

4.9

1971

4.3

1972

6.1

1973

9.3

1974

11.4

1975

11.1

1976

14.1

1977

21.6

1978

24.7

1979

42.4

1980

78.4

1981E

100. o+

Year

Y Billion

$ Million

(For convenience only, I have used a single exchange rate of Y 200 = $ 1.00 throughout the report for the past, present and future. )

It may be argued that Japanese data on robots is confusing to Americans because of a difference in definitions. The Electric Machinery Law of 1971 in Japan defined an industrial robot as an all purpose machine, equipped with a memory device, and a terminal device (for holding things) and capable of rotation and of replacing human labor by automatic performance of movements. JIRA classifies industrial robots by the method of input information and teaching as follows:

  • 1)

    manual manipulator--a manipulator that is worked by an operator.

  • 2)

    fixed sequence robot-- a manipulator which repetitively performs

**Exchange Rate: Y 200

=

$ 1.00

392 500

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