X hits on this document

401 views

0 shares

0 downloads

0 comments

36 / 136

36 . Exploratory workshop on (the Social Impacts of Robot/es

Daiwa Securities America Inc.

Page -10-

promising because of the wide divergence of labor and robot costs. Before the 1973 “Oil Shock”, Japanese labor costs were still relatively inexpensive

while industrial robots were still high-priced because of the

electronic

development.

During

the

decade

of

the

seventies

low level of labor costs

rose sharply in Japan.

The manufacturing

all types at first declined simpler and less electronic

from 1970-1975. “robots” rose,

cost of industrial robots of After 1975, the price of the but the “semiconductor revolution”

in Japan continued to reduce The following table based on

the cost of the more sophisticated a JIRA survey is revealing.

robots.

TABLE 9

Ratio of Robot Costs to Labor Costs (Unit - Y 1000)

A. B.

Labor Cost Per Man Average Price -- Robot

990 4,600

2,300 48100

3,000 58000

c.

(Japanese definition) cost -- Playback Robot

12,000

11,000

11,000

Ratio B/A Ratio C/A

4.6 12.1

1.8 4.8

1.7 3.7

Total

1970

1975

1978

The decline of robot costs relative to labor costs is especially sharp in

resulted in a slower rate of amortization. expected to increase 6 - 7% annually while microprocessor prices, should remain level

In the future, labor costs are robot costs, thanks to declining

or decline.

the field of sophisticated robots.

Superficially, a playback robot can be

years on a maintenance

amortized within four years on a single shift and within

double

shift.

The

actual

expenses

of

robot

installation

two and

In a questionnaire distributed by JIRA on the motives for installing

industrial as follows:

robots in the future, the responses in order of importance

(1)

economic

advantage,

(2)

increased

worker

safety,

were

  • (3)

    universalization of production systems,

  • (5)

    labor shortage.

(4) stable product quality, and

Hence, the economic advantage of the industrial robot over human labor which seems certain to grow in the future is considered the most important factor in the increased application of industrial robots.

Document info
Document views401
Page views401
Page last viewedThu Dec 08 20:39:27 UTC 2016
Pages136
Paragraphs11095
Words48033

Comments