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38 . Exploratory Workshop on the Social Impacts of Robotics

Daiwa Securities America Inc.

Page -12-

maachine, virtually a machine shop in itself, halted. The Japanese developed

smaller, simpler, less expensive machines that catered to small-scale pro-

duction and could produce American producers often permitted the Japanese to cated manual manipulators “intelligence”.

in small batches.

In robotics the European and

concentrated on the most expensive robots and develop robotics gradually from the unsophisti- to more complex systems that incorporate

INDUSTRY STRUCTURE FOR INDUSTRIAL ROBOTS

At present about 130-140 firms in Japan are manufacturing robots of whom 37 are members of the JIRA. Most large manufacturers, actual or potential, are JIRA members but some important exceptions should be noted--Matsushita Electric Industries, Osaka Transformer Corporation, Seiko, and the pen manufacturers.

The existing robot makers are widely distributed over the whole

range of business scales.

broadly

distributed

from

In size of

small

firms

capitalization, robot makers are to giant corporations. In examining

the table below, the capitalization (equal

55 to

small about

companies with less than Y $ 500, 000) represents 41.

100 million 4% of the enterprises;

the medium firms with (Y 100- 300 million) represent 23. 3%, while the firms

with over Y 3 billion capitalization (equal to about $ 15,000, 000) represent

35. the 500

3% of the corporations.

The same trend is evident when we examine

robot makers by number of employees. The small firms with less employees represent 46. 6% of the total, the medium firms with 500

than to

5000, data,

30. 1%, and

the

based on a

JIRA

giant firms with survey in 1979,

over 5000 employees, 23. of 133 robot makers, is

3%. This shown below:

TABLE 10

Industrial Robot Maker Distribution

By Size of Capital

Less than Y 10 million Y 10 million - Y 100 million

Y 100 million - Y 1 Y 1 billion - Y 3

billion billion

More than Y 3 billion

Total

19 companies 36 companies 23 companies 8 companies 47 companies

133 companies

    • 14.3

      %

    • 27.1

      %

    • 17.3

      %

6.0 % 35.3 %

100.0 %

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